No visit to London is complete without checking out its fantastic selection of museums and galleries. Here are 50 of the best (in no particular order), from big hitters to quirkier specialist museums. You'll see there's one to suit every interest and many of them are free to visit – take your pick, then use the London attractions map to work out how to get there and which one to visit next.
From ancient history to modern art, explore the city with our list of the 50 best museums and galleries in London.
Discover the realities of modern wartime history at IWM London, from the First World War to the present day. Its permanent displays include Curiosities of War, The Holocaust Exhibition and the First World War Galleries.
Explore our planet's living wonders at the Natural History Museum. Inside the striking building, favourites include the Dinosaurs gallery, the blue whale model and the state-of-the-art Darwin Centre, where you can see hundreds of specimens as well as scientists at work.
Get hands-on at the Science Museum's interactive galleries and simulators. Trace the journey of scientific breakthroughs, then visit the in-house IMAX 3D cinema and take a trip deep underwater or zoom high up into space.
Uncover the fascinating history of the capital at the Museum of London. Explore the life of the city from prehistoric times, past Roman and Medieval rule, through plague and fire to Victorian London and up to the global city of the present day.
Don't miss Tate Modern, the iconic power station turned art gallery, which houses modern and contemporary art from round the world. See the latest installation in the massive Turbine Hall and admire works by Picasso, Bourgeois, Warhol, Rothko and more.
See masterful works by Botticelli, Rembrandt, Turner, Renoir and Van Gogh, just some of the artists showcased at the National Gallery. With more than 2,000 paintings from the Middle Ages to the 20th century, the place is a veritable treasure trove.
Visit the Royal Academy of Arts, the oldest fine arts institution in Britain, founded in 1768. As well as giving a public platform to artists through the annual Summer Exhibition, it hosts a world-class programme of international exhibitions.
Take a tour of the best in British art at Tate Britain, sister gallery to Tate Modern. Discover masterpieces from 1500 to the present day, by the likes of Hockney, Bacon, Turner, Riley, Lowry and Moore.
The Museum of London Docklands houses all manner of objects charting London’s history as a port. Exhibits housed in this 200-year-old warehouse include Sailortown, recreating what life was like in 19th-century London; and London, Sugar & Slavery, about the capital’s role in the transatlantic slave trade.
Study more than 200 anatomical exhibits at this permanent exhibition at the London Pavilion. Discover how modern life has an impact on our bodies by looking at 25 real bodies preserved by the pioneering plastination technique and get hands-on with interactive activities.
Stand face to face with kings, queens and modern-day celebrities at the National Portrait Gallery, home to the world’s largest collection of portraits. Works include the Chandos portrait, the most famous painting of William Shakespeare; a sketch of Jane Austen by her sister; and a painting of the Brontë sisters by their brother.
Explore what it means to be human through science, medicine and psychology at the Wellcome Collection. Highlights include Darwin’s walking stick and Napoleon’s toothbrush. Look out for the schedule of thought-provoking talks and temporary exhibitions too.
Located right at Horse Guards, the Household Cavalry Museum celebrates the history and people of this renowned regiment, founded in 1661. Take a closer look at sharp uniforms, see troopers preparing their horses, and try on helmets and pieces of armour.
Take a nostalgic trip back to your youth at the V&A Museum of Childhood and see how kids lived and played in years gone by. The museum has a delightful collection of childhood objects dating back to the 1600s, including retro toys, antique games and dainty dolls.
Chart Britain’s rich naval history at the National Maritime Museum, from sea battles to voyages into the unknown. The museum's free galleries have exhibits including the actual uniform Nelson was wearing when he was fatally wounded at the Battle of Trafalgar.
See literary treasures, from Magna Carta to Shakespeare's First Folio and Leonardo da Vinci’s notebook, in a permanent, free exhibition at the British Library, the UK’s national library. Its programme of temporary exhibitions is world-class, too.
Discover how public transport played a part in the development of London with a visit to the London Transport Museum. See the original artwork for Harry Beck’s Underground map, the world’s first Underground steam engine, old London Routemaster buses and more.
Located within the eponymous performing arts centre, the Barbican Art Gallery showcases photography, fine art and design in a rolling programme of exhibitions. While you’re there, don't forget to check out The Curve, a free exhibition space.
Experience the world of contemporary design at the sleek, modern Design Museum. Its exhibitions feature fashion, graphics, architecture and more, while its programme of talks and events complements the stunning visual displays.
Explore fascinating and unusual specimens at the Grant Museum of Zoology at University College London. The quirky museum has around 68,000 specimens, from a bizarre jar of moles to an extremely rare skeleton of the extinct South African zebra, the quagga.
See the building where the great writer himself lived from 1837 to 1839. The Charles Dickens Museum spotlights the real life of a man best known for his fiction. Carefully restored rooms showcase the museum’s collection of letters, pictures and books, as well as temporary exhibitions.
As any enthusiasts of period dramas know, fans have all kinds of uses, from cooling to gossiping. Discover more about their history and see stunning examples from the 18th and 19th centuries inside the beautiful environs of the Fan Museum in Greenwich.
Discover London’s rich Jewish culture, heritage and identity at the Camden-based Jewish Museum. Temporary exhibitions sit alongside permanent galleries on the Holocaust, Jewish ceremonial art and the history of Jewish life in Britain.
Witness the touching story of the Foundling Hospital, the first home for abandoned babies in London, at the Foundling Museum. Alongside the children's scant belongings are moving tokens left by their mothers and artworks by the likes of Hogarth and Reynolds.
Enjoy the delights of the Wallace Collection, a historic London townhouse whose 28 elaborate rooms are decorated with outstanding art. Visit the armories, see paintings by Titian, Hals and Velázquez, and admire 18th-century French treasures – some once owned by Queen Marie-Antoinette.
Step into Sigmund Freud's study and see his famous couch at the Freud Museum, located in the former home of the famous psychoanalyst. Discover his journey from Nazi-occupied Vienna to London, and muse on the inner workings of the mind.
Explore Sir John Soane's Museum, the architect of the Bank of England's former home. The house, untouched for almost 180 years, contains some 30,000 architectural drawings, as well as antiquities, artworks by Hogarth and Turner, and the sarcophagus of King Seti I.
Step back in time to the days when London’s canals were bustling with traders, boat dwellers and cargo – and its streets full of the clip-clop of horses pulling the boats and carts. Located in a former ice warehouse, the London Canal Museum even has a preserved ice well inside.
A pioneering centre of contemporary fashion, textiles and jewellery, the Fashion and Textile Museum was founded by colourful British design legend Zandra Rhodes. As well as permanent and temporary exhibitions, it runs courses for creatives.
Take a tranquil moment at the riverside Garden Museum to celebrate British gardens and gardening. Explore its temporary exhibitions before venturing into the garden to see the words and pictures come to life.
Fly back in time and discover the history of aviation at the Royal Air Force Museum. Learn about the earliest balloon flight, see the impressive collection of more than 100 aircraft and test your pilot skills in a 4D flying experience.
Spend a day at south London's popular Horniman Museum, a favourite with children and fans of natural history and anthropology. Visit the famous stuffed walrus, see the aquarium, play in the park and enjoy events for all the family.
Not only is the Guildhall Art Gallery a treasure trove of paintings spanning five centuries, but it also has a secret. During its renovation in 1985, developers discovered an underground Roman amphitheatre, where gladiators and wild animals once prowled and which you can now visit.
Revisit your childhood through the packaging and adverts of decades gone by. The Museum of Brands, Packaging and Advertising has more than 12,000 items, dating back as far as Victorian times, including sweets, household products and more.
Venture into the home of the famous fictional detective at the Sherlock Holmes Museum at 221B Baker Street. Inside his apartment, life-size waxworks recreate breakthrough moments in the place where he solved many of his baffling cases.
The brutalist-style Hayward Gallery is known for showcasing the work of innovative and experimental artists from around the world. It also brings art into the open by placing installations outdoors or in other corners of the Southbank Centre.
See one of the country’s most superb collections of Old Masters at the Dulwich Picture Gallery in picturesque Dulwich Park. Look out for pieces by Rembrandt, Gainsborough and Canaletto, then enjoy a meal in the excellent cafe.
Discover new artists from around the globe at the Saatchi Gallery. This influential contemporary gallery in Chelsea, founded by art collector Charles Saatchi, is best known as a springboard for new talent.
Encounter the exciting history of Royal Mail and the postal service at the Postal Museum. For an extra thrill, take a ride on the Mail Rail, the subterranean train that ran from Whitechapel to Paddington and kept London’s communications flowing for more than 75 years.
See the latest works from world-famous artists at White Cube Bermondsey. It's owned by Jay Jopling, the trendsetting gallerist who represents Tracey Emin, Mona Hatoum and Damien Hirst among others. The space at London Bridge is complemented by its sister gallery, White Cube Mason's Yard in St James's.
Experience a real artists' hub at the Whitechapel Art Gallery, which houses historical archives, art courses, a bookshop and a cafe. The east London gallery has long championed modern and contemporary artists, from Kahlo and Picasso to Pollock and Rothko.
Explore the latest in contemporary photography through the lens of The Photographers' Gallery. Britain's leading centre features work from new and established photographers, a shop selling prints, plus talks and events.
Delve into the world of English Romantic poet John Keats at Keats House, the Grade I-listed building and garden where he once lived. The museum features paintings, prints and other objects belonging to him and his peers.
Serve your time at the Clink Prison Museum, a recreated medieval prison located on the site of the original Clink. Discover the history of the gaol and its rowdy neighbourhood, and find out what it was like to be an inmate at one of England’s most notorious prisons.
Find out about the history of the armed forces at the National Army Museum. Relive the heritage of the army from the English Civil War to the modern day, through a showcase of thousands of historical objects.