From cycling along the river to exploring hidden corners of London, check out the best cycle routes, plus tips on the capital's bicycle hire scheme and London cycling essentials.
Cycling along the river Thames
The banks of London's river Thames offer long stretches of traffic-free cycling. Most of London's Thames-side cycle route is on the Thames Path National Trail. This path is one of the 19 designated national trails in the UK. It runs from the source of the Thames in the Cotswolds to the Thames Barrier at Greenwich.
Cycling restrictions: Be aware that some sections of the Thames Path have public footpath status. This excludes cyclists from riding there unless they have permission from the landowner. Cycling on a public footpath without permission is trespass.
Other waterside bike routes in London
The Thames Cultural Cycling Tour is a 27km (17 miles) route that takes in a lot of London's maritime history. You can read about it and download a map before you travel.
There are a number of other options for waterside cycling in London with miles of canal north of the Thames. Cycling is allowed along these stretches, but some sections require a permit. Check the Canal & River Trust website.
There are also long routes along two tributaries of the Thames. In the north-east is the Lee Valley, offering 42km (26 miles) of traffic-free cycling. For more information, visit the Lee Valley Park website.
In the south-west is the once heavily industrialised river Wandle. The largely traffic-free route running alongside the river links Wandsworth, Merton, Croydon and Sutton. See Merton Council's Wandle Trail page for more inspiration.
TfL has a variety of leisure routes already mapped out for you. Using pedal power you can get away from the tourist hotspots and explore quirky London, or choose cycle routes that take you to the best Saturday markets.
Discover another side of the city on two wheels, from ancient burial grounds to creepy museums, creative coffee shops and colourful squares – check out TfL's fun routes on its cycle network.
London bike tours and cycle hire
Organised cycling tours are available to suit all levels. For the serious cyclist, Audax UK lists major rides of around 100km (62 miles) all over the UK. There are a few London-based rides during the year.
London cycling essentials
- A helmet is essential wherever you cycle but especially on some of the more uneven river and canalside surfaces.
- A bell is very useful as cyclists often share paths with pedestrians.
- You should use lights and reflective clothing if cycling after dark.
- Always make sure that the bicycle is in good condition with working brakes and good tyres.